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Nr: 78-80
January-March 2011

Strategia de dezvoltare a judeţului Braşov
The Strategy for the Development of Brasov County
Die Entwicklungsstrategie für den Landeskreis Braşov/Kronstadt
Brassó megye fejlesztési stratégiája
Ziua României, la Nurnberg
Celebrating Romania's Day in Nurnberg
Der Tag Rumäniens in Nürnberg
Románia napja Nürnbergben
Cel mai mare edificiu gotic - Biserica Neagră
The Black Church, the Biggest Gothic Monument
Grö'ter gotischer Bau in Siebenbürgen
A legkeletibb gót épület - a Fekete templom
Şaguna - 160 de ani
Şaguna High School 160 - Year Anniversary
Şaguna - 160 Jahre
Şaguna - 160 év
Poiana Braşov: 'Cursa Trăsniţilor'
The 'Crazy Race' in Poiana Brasov
Schulerau/Poiana Braşov: 'Das verrückte Rennen'
Brassó Pojána: 'Háborodottak versenye'
Codlea: "Mărţişorul sau funia anului"
Codlea: " Mărţişor or the Year's Rope"
Codlea/Zeiden: Das Märzchen oder das Jahresband
Feketehalom: Márciuska avagy az év szalaga
Dragobetele - Ziua Îndrăgostiţilor la români
"Dragobete", The Romanian Valentine's Day
Dragobete - der rumänische Tag der Verliebten
Dragobete, a szerelmesek ünnepe a románoknál
Comuna Hărman: Fondul turistic
The Tourism Patrimony of Harman Commune
Hărman/Honigberg: Das Tourismus-Angebot
Szászhermány: turisztikai alap
Alungarea spiritului iernii
Chasing Away the Winter Spirit
Die Vertreibung des Winters
A tél szellemének eluzése
Predeal: Bun venit pe munte!
Predeal: Welcome to the mountains!
Predeal: Willkommen in den Bergen!
Isten hozott a hegyre!
The Fosnich's Holiday
Die Fosnich-Feier
A Fosnich ünnepe
Picturi pe piatră şi artă totemică
Stone Paintings and Totemic Art
Malerei auf Stein und Totemkunst
Kofestmények, totemisztikus muvészet


Chasing Away the Winter Spirit



     

     

Falling between the winter solstice and the spring equinox, the day before the Easter fast used to be an occasion to celebrate the victory of light over darkness. Among the events organized in Brasov County marking this day there are: the Pancakes' Caravan - Fasching from Prejmer, the Children Masked Carnival from Teliu, the Masked Procession or the Noisy Crowd from Budila, Farsang from Ormenis, the Burning Wheel or the Calling over the village from Sinca Noua and other traditions preparing the coming of the Easter's Holiday.

Masked Celebrations

The ritual of time renewal includes practices for space purification, harmony and balance restoration. It is a spring ceremonial which precedes the beginning of the Easter fasting period. The Pancakes` Caravan - Fasching from Prejmer, the Children Masked Carnival from Teliu, the Masked Procession or the Noisy Crowd from Budila, Farsang from Ormenis have been taken over from the Hungarian and German communities. The young people used to wear different masks mainly parodying the weeding and engagement ceremonies. The masks represent animals (bear, wolf) and humans (doctor, priest, fortune teller, gipsy, broom, bride). The local young women help the men make the masks, adorn the animals (horses, donkeys) and the allegoric cart guiding the procession trough the village streets.

The Noisy Crowd

The procession makes a lot of noise intended to chase away bad spirits, malice, darkness and cold season, assimilated to temporary death of nature.
The purpose of the Pancakes' Caravan - Fasching from Prejmer is to promote the traditional Saxon cuisine and to involve the community in the preservation of traditions. This is the last time people eat pancakes before starting the fast. The young people prepare pancakes in an allegoric cart, wear masks and make a lot of noise to attract tourists and sell their products.
In Teliu, the children organize a carnival with allegoric characters such as the Tooth Fairy, the Doctor, the Wizard or the Wolf.
In Budila, people make straw mummies which are then burnt. This evokes of the times when time renewal demanded human sacrifice which was then burnt.

The Burning Wheel, an Evening Ceremonial

In Sinca Noua, before the beginning of the Easter fast, people celebrate the Burning Wheel ceremonial. People conduct a public judgment of those who did not respect the community's rules and address in a loud voice ironic words to the girls who are not yet married. The central element of this evening ceremonial is the burning wheel, which is a cart wheel, wrapped in straws, set on fire and rolled down the hill. The fire and the loud cries are meant to keep bad spirits at distance.






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