Tururi virtuale

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Nr: 78-80
January-March 2011

Strategia de dezvoltare a judeţului Braşov
The Strategy for the Development of Brasov County
Die Entwicklungsstrategie für den Landeskreis Braşov/Kronstadt
Brassó megye fejlesztési stratégiája
Ziua României, la Nurnberg
Celebrating Romania's Day in Nurnberg
Der Tag Rumäniens in Nürnberg
Románia napja Nürnbergben
Cel mai mare edificiu gotic - Biserica Neagră
The Black Church, the Biggest Gothic Monument
Grö'ter gotischer Bau in Siebenbürgen
A legkeletibb gót épület - a Fekete templom
Şaguna - 160 de ani
Şaguna High School 160 - Year Anniversary
Şaguna - 160 Jahre
Şaguna - 160 év
Poiana Braşov: 'Cursa Trăsniţilor'
The 'Crazy Race' in Poiana Brasov
Schulerau/Poiana Braşov: 'Das verrückte Rennen'
Brassó Pojána: 'Háborodottak versenye'
Codlea: "Mărţişorul sau funia anului"
Codlea: " Mărţişor or the Year's Rope"
Codlea/Zeiden: Das Märzchen oder das Jahresband
Feketehalom: Márciuska avagy az év szalaga
Dragobetele - Ziua Îndrăgostiţilor la români
"Dragobete", The Romanian Valentine's Day
Dragobete - der rumänische Tag der Verliebten
Dragobete, a szerelmesek ünnepe a románoknál
Comuna Hărman: Fondul turistic
The Tourism Patrimony of Harman Commune
Hărman/Honigberg: Das Tourismus-Angebot
Szászhermány: turisztikai alap
Alungarea spiritului iernii
Chasing Away the Winter Spirit
Die Vertreibung des Winters
A tél szellemének eluzése
Predeal: Bun venit pe munte!
Predeal: Welcome to the mountains!
Predeal: Willkommen in den Bergen!
Isten hozott a hegyre!
The Fosnich's Holiday
Die Fosnich-Feier
A Fosnich ünnepe
Picturi pe piatră şi artă totemică
Stone Paintings and Totemic Art
Malerei auf Stein und Totemkunst
Kofestmények, totemisztikus muvészet


The Black Church, the Biggest Gothic Monument



     

     

The Black Church (Die Schwarze Kirche in German, Fekete Templom in Hungarian) is an evangelic church situated in the middle of Brasov City. It was built around 1380 (probably starting from 1377) in the Gothic style. The church, catholic initially, was first called Saint Mary's Church (Marienkirche). The building was partially destroyed after the big fire from 1689 when it got the name from today.
The Black Church is one of the most representative Gothic architecture monuments from Romania, dating back to the 14th-15th centuries. The major construction began in 1384 and was completed in 1477. An inscription discovered in the church's walls attests Thomas as first founder of whom we know he died in 1410.

The Church's Vaults

Seriously damaged by that fire, the Black Church was rehabilitated with the help of some experts coming from the Hanseatic town Danzig, because the local experts did not know how to close such big vaults. Yet the new vaults are in Baroque style instead of Gothic. The architects used the plan of a basilica with three naves, equal in height, belonging to the type of hall-church building preferred in the 15th-16th centuries within the German territory some of the architects and experts belonged to. This is the biggest cult monument built in the Gothic style in the South-East Europe. It measures 89 meters length and 38 meters width. The church has a capacity of nearly 5000 persons.

The Six Tons Bell

The bell tower houses the biggest bell from Romania, made of bronze and weighting 6 tons. The loft supported by exterior abutments adorned with edicoles inside of which there are saint statues, is one of the few examples of this kind in Transylvania. Another treasure the Black Church possesses is the collection of oriental carpets, the richest of this kind in Romania.

The Biggest Organ

The main organ of the church was built by Carl August Buchholz of Berlin in the period 1836-1839 and it is the biggest from all the 140 organs made by the skilful members of the Buchholz family. The organ has 4 manuals with 56 keys each and a pedal board with 27 notes and 63 tonal ranges. It was opened on April 17th 1839, having Buchholz himself as organist who performed improvised pieces and anthems composed by Friedrich Schneider and Johann Lucas Hedwig. The organ was restored during the period 1997-2001. All its 3993 pipes (the biggest having 13 meters height) were then dismantled and restored. The organ falls in the category of Baroque organs and it has survived almost unchanged since its construction until present day. The second organ was built by Carl Hesse and it has one manual, a pedal board and 8 tonal ranges. It was restored in 1997. Starting from 1953 organ recitals have been given here and this has become a tradition started by organist Victor Bickerich and continued by Hans Eckart Schlandt. (Source: Wikipedia)






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