Tururi virtuale

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Nr: 150-153
January-April 2017

Fluturi și flori pe Muntele Tâmpa
Butterflies and flowers on Tampa Mountain
Die Schmetterlinge und Blumen der Zinne
Pillangók és virágok a Cenken
Biserica "Sf. Nicolae" din Șcheii Brașovului
‘Sf. Nicolae’ Church from Scheii Brasovului quarter
Die "Sf. Nicolae"-Kirche in der Kronstädter Oberen Vorstadt
A porondi Szent Miklós templom
Floriile și Paștile în Transilvania
Palm Sunday and Easter in Transylvania
Palmsonntag und Ostern in Siebenbürgen
Virágvasárnap és húsvét Erdélyben
Paști la Castelul Bran
Easter at the Bran Castle
Ostern in der Törzburg
Húsvét a törcsvári kastélyban
Pe urmele folclorului
On the folklore footsteps
Auf den Spuren der Volkskunst
A folklór nyomában
Portul dăișorean în miniatură
Costumes from Daisoara on a small scale
Die Dăişoara-Tracht in Miniatur
Longodári viselet miniatűrben
Junii Cristianului, ofertă culturală
Juni from Cristian, cultural offer
Junii Cristianului als Kulturangebot
A Junii Cristianului kulturális kínálata
Plugarul, în Țara Făgărașului
‘Plugarul’ (the Ploughman) in Tara Fagarasului region
Der Ackermann im Fogarascher Land
A szántóvető Fogarasföldön
Primăvara, la Feldioara
Spring in Feldioara
Frühjahr in Marienburg
Tavasz Földváron
Ghimbav: Inima cu trei trandafiri
Ghimbav: the three roses heart
Weidenbach: Das Herz mit den drei Rosen
Vidombák: Szív három rózsával
Hărmanul, legendă vie
Harman, a living legend
Honigberg, lebendige Sagen
Szászhermány, élő legendák
Sânpetru și împrejurimile
Sanpetru and its surroundings
Petersberg und seine Umgebung
Szentpéter és környéke


‘Plugarul’ (the Ploughman) in Tara Fagarasului region



     

     

An old custom in Tara Fagarasului region is ‘Plugarul’ (the Ploughman), a custom also celebrated these days in the villages Vad, Parau, Comana, Venetia and Cuciulata, from Brasov County. The origin of the custom is related to the magical religions prior to Christianism. Since the age of the Dacians (and even before), the man who went first to plough on spring was granted the right to build in that year the mediating element between the population of the village and the supernatural forces.

Custom ceremony

When the spring comes, the village people organize the ‘Plugarul’ custom, as preparation for the new agricultural year. The custom ceremony begins with a ludic moment. The young boy who went first to plough hides in the household and he is looked for by the members of the community. This custom to hide the Ploughman has a double function: on the one hand to be submitted to a cleverness test of the young boys group and on the other hand it has a magical function, for influencing the nature elements. The young boys look for the Ploughman and, once they find him, they put plant coronas around his waist, called ‘borte’, they put a crown on his head, and then they put him on a harrow and carry him on their shoulders to the river.

Agricultural customs

‘Plugarul’ is an agricultural custom, the harrow being the main focus point, an agricultural tool, on which the Ploughman is put, and then carried to the river water. The crown has a special role, representing vegetation, resuscitation of nature and the connection between man and nature. The Ploughman, who is put on the harrow, starts to splash the ones assisting to the ceremony. Water means life – water of life, without which there would be no life on earth. After this ceremony, the group goes back to the Ploughman’s house, where there is a feast, which refers to a wealthy crop.

Mimic show

Nowadays the custom takes place in the second day of Easter, in the villages aforementioned from Tara Fagarasului region, and also in the Tara Oltului area. The custom did not lose its ritual aspect and it is presented as a big mimic show, with costumes, music, dance and fiddlers.






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