Tururi virtuale


Nr: 126-128
January-March 2015

Trendul de vizitatori, în creștere
Visitors trend growing
Steigende Besucherzahlen
Növekvőben a látogatók száma
Ghidul turistic al Brașovului din 1891
Brasov Tourist Guide from 1891
Kronstadt-Reiseführer aus 1891
Brassó turisztikai kalauza 1891-ből
Pelerinaj la Sfântul Anton
Pilgrimage to Saint Anthony
Pilgerreise zum Heiligen Anton
Zarándoklat Szent Antalhoz
"Curtea lui Honterus"
"Honterus Courtyard"
Der Honterushof
"A Honterus udvar"
Auschwitz-Birkenau: 70 de ani
70th Anniversary of the Liberation - Auschwitz-Birkenau
Auschwitz-Birkenau: 70 Jahre
Auschwitz-Birkenau: 70 év
Codlea și Țara Zânelor
Codlea and Tara Zanelor (The Fairies Land)
Zeiden und das Land der Feen
Feketehalo és a Tündérek Országa
Ormeniș și Cetatea Tipia
Ormenis and Tipia Citadel
Ormeniş und die Tipia-Burg
Ürmös és a Töpe vár
Legende cu femei, la Prejmer
Legends about Women, in Prejmer
Sagen um Tartlauer Frauen
Nőkről szóló legendák Prázsmáron
Cetatea de deasupra norilor
The Fortress above the Clouds
Die Burg über den Wolken
Vár a felhők felett
Drumurile medievale
Medieval Roads
Mittelalterliche Straßen
Középkori utak
Excursii de o zi în Țara Făgărașului
One-Day Trips to Tara Fagarasului
Tagesausflüge im Fogarascher Landesgrenze
Egynapos kirándulás Fogarasföldön
Comuna Vulcan ? modelul înaintașilor
Vulcan Locality - Following the Ancestors` Footsteps
Die Gemeinde Wolkendorf ? das Beispiel der Vorfahren
Szászvolkány község ? elődeink mintaképe

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Ormenis and Tipia Citadel


Ormenis Commune has been known over time under various names: in the Transylvanian Saxon dialect ? as Irmesch, in German ? Ermesch, Irmesch, Irmesch bei Borlat and in Hungarian ? Ürmös. The locality has a mixed population, made up of Hungarians, Romanians and Romani and it is part of Brasov County, Transylvania, Romania.
Various archaeologists were interested in this locality; they discovered in the village several tombs from the Roman Age and dinosaur fossils. There are also some old legends reminding that giants used to live in this area and they say that the king of giants dropped his sceptre into the sea and this is how the old region Tinutul Barsei appeared.

In the Olt Narrows

Ormenis is one of the Romanian establishments from Rupea area and it still preserves their particularities. It is located in the North-Western part of Brasov County, at 45 km from the town. It has an altitude of 426 meters and it is situated at the junction of Tara Barsei and the middle Olt river region, divided by Olt Narrows, between Racos and Augustin. It is bordered to the West and North by Lunca Oltului, which makes the border with Covasna County, to the South by the administrative territory of Apata Commune and to the West by Racos Commune. Ormenis Commune belongs to the depression couloir Olt, a part of the natural district of the intermountain depression of Tara Barsei.

First Documented Mention

The first unofficial documents date back to 1594, where it is mentioned aside Dopca and Hoghiz as an establishment of the serf family Sukosd in Racosul de Jos locality. In 1694,
György Rákóczi I legally donates Ormenis locality to the family Maurel from Ardeal region. This family owned the locality up to 1848, when it was released of serfdom. The locals lived around Tipia Citadel, and, after the Turkish and Tartars invasion, they withdrew to the opposite side of the mountain, where nowadays also lays the locality.
Historical Monuments
? "Tepeiul Ormenisului", approximately 9 km far from the village, on the North-North-Western side, on the left bank of Olt river, being a hallstattian fortified settlement; 11th century ? fortified Dacian establishment ? Latene, Geto-Dacian culture, 1st century B.C. ? 1st century A.D. ? Dacian sanctuaries.
? A hunting castle pertaining to the Rákóczi family.
? Ormenis fossils place ? protected area, placed inside the locality, measuring 0.4 hectares.


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